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International Business Management
Year: 2012 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 517-526
DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.517.526  
Entrepreneurial Intentions among Polytechnic Students in Malaysia
Norasmah Othman and Mazura Mansor
Abstract: Research on student entrepreneurial intentions is very limited in the context of entrepreneurship education in Malaysian polytechnics. Regardless of the fact that the government strongly promotes entrepreneurship as a career choice, many polytechnic students do not take up entrepreneurship after graduation. Therefore, this study identifies the factors that influence students’ intention to become an entrepreneur on the basis of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A questionnaire survey was conducted among 460 students who are enrolled in the entrepreneurship course at the selected polytechnic in Malaysia. This survey consisted of 85 items measuring attitude towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and entrepreneurial intention. The findings of the study show that all three factors significantly influence students’ intention to become entrepreneurs. Of these three factors, attitude towards entrepreneurship emerged as the strongest factor that influenced the students’ intention. This implies that the TPB model is capable of predicting students’ intentions towards entrepreneurship and further explaining the students’ decision to become an entrepreneur in the future. Moreover, this study found no significant differences between business and non-business students in terms of their entrepreneurial intentions. The findings demonstrate that academics need to play a significant role in encouraging more students to become entrepreneurs by providing effective entrepreneurship education and more awareness on the benefits of becoming entrepreneurs. This in turn, will contribute to the growth of economies and global competitiveness. The implications of the TPB theory and education policies are discussed further in this study.
How to cite this article:
Norasmah Othman and Mazura Mansor, 2012. Entrepreneurial Intentions among Polytechnic Students in Malaysia. International Business Management, 6: 517-526.
DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.517.526