The majority of by-products from tequila industry in Mexico produces an environmental adverse impact, with the consequent economic cost in the quality of life of the inhabitants that live near these industries (González, 2005). The leaves of agave that ensue from this process for its characteristics in cellulose concentration and hemiclulosas might serve as an ingredient for ruminants (Lopez et al., 2003), with the treatment adapted as source of enegy or fiber (Stefanie et al., 2007).
Although hig in fibre ADF (Acid Detergent Fibre) = 40.28%, NDF (Neutral Detergent Fibre) = 47.11% could be conductive to a slower rate of energy release in the rumen (Bassi, 2004). This could be advantageous to agave producers, enviroment and rumminant producers, in order to feed in a better way their animmals, because of its fibrous nature (Silveira and Franco, 2006), which would be conducive to a slower rate of energy, compared to corn (Parra-Negrete, 2007), agave treated leafes may be a substitute for corn as a source of energy (Hall, 2004). However, almost nothing is known about degradation characteristics of agave leafes fibre reaction in rumen (Iñiguez-Covarrubias et al., 2001a). The in situ nylon bag technique has been used extensively to determine rates of protein an dry matter disappearence of various feedstufs. In the latest years, this technique has been used to determine rates of cell wall digestion of forages. Although, this technique is laborious and requires a cannulated animal, no other enviroment simulates the rummen more closely (Iñiguez-Covarrubias et al., 2001b).
Objectives were to characterize rates of original, NDF and ADF disappearence of agave blue tequilana Weber leafes in situ (Van Soest et al., 1991).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Agave blue tequilana Weber leafes were obtanined 24 h after harvesting, from a single producer. The vegetable material was choped with a cleaver baler provided with sieve of one inch of nominal diameter. The crushed material divided in 3 portions with the purpose of treating it with three levels of acetic acid (0, 1.25 and 2.5% on the basis of the dry matter of the forage). Stove-dried test feeds were ground through a 2 mm screen using a hammer mill, After this procedure, MS-matter dries, MO-organic, PC raw protein, were measured for the method of Kjeldhal and FDN, FDA and by Goering Van Soest (1991) method.
To determine the Digestibility in situ (DIS) of the MS, FDA and FDN
of the experimental treatments, bags were used made of polysedates of 10x15
cm with a size of pore of 52±10 μm. These bags were dried in a stove
at 55°C for 24 h, cooled in a desecador, weighed and identified. Every bag
filled with 5 g with the treatments, which were before ground in a mill of hammer
by sieve of 2 mm. There were incubated in the rumen (of a cow holstein friesian
fistulada and canulated, 7.5 cm) in triplicate for every treatment for 72, 96
and 120 h, realizing 3 continue times; also control bags were placed, without
substratum and were included in every time of incubation.
Incubation in the rumen initiated at 08:00 h. The bags were added sequentially, in order that they all should remove at the same time; later they washed with drinkable water up to remaining clean. They were left to dry to temperature set and later in stove of air forced to 55°C for 24 h; later, dry weight was registered and determined DIS of the DM and for calculations of FDA and residual FDN by means of the already described techniques. The obtained information was analyzed by means of the procedure GLM in SAS. The averages of the treatments were compared with Tukey's test establishing an alfa 0.05 to declare differences.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The chemical composition of the treatments (Table 1) was similar between the experimental treatments.
There were not find significant differences (p>0.05) between the treatments
as for the digestibility in situ of the dry matter (Table
2) and detergent fiber neutral (Table 3). Nevertheless,
for the detergent fiber acid show in Table 4 it was found
significant differences (p<0.05) between treatments 96 and 120 h, where the
concentration of of 0 and 1.25% of acetic acid presented the best values in
comparison with that of 2.5%. At 120 h the treatment with 1.25% had the best
values followed by 2.5% and the control.
||Chemical composition of the experimental treatments
|DM: Dry Matter, OM: Organic Matter, CP: Crude Protein, CF:
Crude Fibre, A: Total Ashes, ADF: Acid Detergent Fibre, NDF: Neutral Detergent
Fibre, TRAT: Treatment
||Coefficients of digestibility in situ of the dry matter
of the experimental treatments
|1Standard error estándar from media
||Coefficients of digestibility in situ of the detergent
fiber neutral of the experimental treatments
|1Standard error from media
||Coefficients of digestibility in situ of the detergent fiber
acid of the experimental treatments
|a, bvalues are different (p<0.05), 1Standard
error from media
The best performance for the rate of disappearance in situ of ADF and NDA was obtained by the treatment of acetic acid to 1.25% (DM). Not finding scientific literature to border, not even previous published, similar studies, discussion could not be developed.