Search in Medwell
 
 
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2011 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 15 | Page No.: 1956-1961
DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.1956.1961  
Growth Performance and Feed Utilization of Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) Fed Partial or Total Replacement of Fish Meal with Hazelnut Meal and Soybean Meal
Nihat Yesilayer, Meryem Oz, Zafer Karsli, Orhan Aral, Ali Karacuha and Unal Oz
 
References
AOAC, 1984. Official Methods for Analysis. 14th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA., USA.

Arndt, R.E., R.W. Hardy, S.H. Sugiura and F.M. Dong, 1999. Effects of heat treatment and substitution level on palatability and nutritional value of soy defatted flour in feeds for Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Aquaculture, 180: 129-145.
CrossRef  |  

Becker, K. and H.P.S. Makkar, 1999. Effects of dietary tannic acid and quebracho tannin on growth performance and metabolic rates of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Aquaculture, 175: 327-335.
CrossRef  |  

Bilgin, O., A. Turker and A.A. Tekinay, 2007. The use of Hazelnut meal as a substitute for Soybean meal in the diets of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 31: 145-151.
Direct Link  |  

Buyukcarpar, H.M. and A. Kamalak, 2007. Partial replacement of fish and soybean meal protein in mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets by protein in hazelnut meal. South African J. Anim. Sci., 37: 35-44.
Direct Link  |  

Ergun, S., M. Yigit, A. Turker and B. Harmantepe, 2008. Incorporation of soybean meal and hazelnut meal in diets for Black Sea turbot (Scophthalmus maeoticus). Isr. J. Aquacult. Bamidgeh, 60: 27-36.

Guner, S., B. Dincer, N. Alemdag, A. Colak and M. Tufekci, 1998. Proximate composition and selected mineral content of commercially important fish species from the black sea. J. Sci. Food Agric., 78: 337-342.
Direct Link  |  

Halver, J.E., 1991. Fish Nutrition. 2nd Edn., Academic Press, Inc., USA., pp: 733-734.

Hardy, R.W., 2010. Utilization of plant proteins in fish diets: Effects of global demand and supplies of fishmeal. Aquacult. Res., 41: 770-776.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Hardy, W.R., 2000. New Developments in Aquatic Feed Ingredients and Potential of Enzyme Supplements. In: Advances en Nutricion Acuicola V. Memorias del V Simposium Internacional de Nutricion Acuicola, Cruz-Suarez, L.E., D. Ricque-Marie, M. Tapia-Salazar, M.A.Y. Olvera-Novoa and R. Civera-Cerecedo (Eds.). Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, pp: 216-226.

Hertrampf, J.W. and F. Piedad-Pascual, 2000. Handbook on Ingredients for Aquaculture Feeds. 1st Edn., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts, USA., ISBN: 0-412-62760-4, pp: 115-124.

Jha, P., S. Barat and K. Sarkar, 2007. Comparative effect of live food and manured treatments on water quality and production of ornamental carp, Cyprinus carpio var. koi L., during winter, summer, monsoon and post-monsoon growout experiments in concrete tanks. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 23: 87-92.
Direct Link  |  

Kaushik, S.J., 1995. Nutrient requirements, supply and utilization in the context of carp culture. Aquaculture, 129: 225-241.
CrossRef  |  

Koksal, A.I., N. Artik, A. Simsek and N. Gunes, 2006. Nutrient composition of hazelnut (Corylus avellana) varieties cultivated in Turkey. Food Chem., 99: 509-515.
CrossRef  |  

Refstie, S., O.J., Korsoen, T. Storebakken, G. Baeverfjord, I. Lein and A.J. Roem, 2000. Differing nutritional responses to dietary soybean meal in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 190: 49-63.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Rodehutscord, M., S. Mandel, M. Pack, S. Jacobs and E. Pfeffer, 1995. Free amino acids can replace protein-bound amino acids in test diets for studies in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. J. Nutr., 125: 956-963.
Direct Link  |  

Tacon, A.G.J. and A.J. Jackson, 1985. Utilization of Conventional and Unconventional Protein Sources in Practical Fish Feeds. In: Nutrition and Feeding in Fish, Cowey, C.B., A.M. Mackie and J.G. Bell (Eds.). Academic Press, London, pp: 119-145.

Tacon, A.G.J. and M. Metian, 2008. Global overview on the use of fish meal and fish oil in industrially compounded aquafeeds: Trends and future prospects. Aquaculture, 285: 146-158.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Watanabe, T., T. Takeuchi, S.m Satoh, T. Ida and M. Yaguchi, 1987. Development of low protein-high energy diets for practical carp culture with special reference to reduction of total nitrogen excretion. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 53: 1413-1423.

Xie, S., X. Zhu, Y. Cui and Y. Yang, 2001. Utilization of several plant proteins by gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). J. Applied Ichthyol., 17: 70-76.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Yalcin, S., S. Oguz and S. Yalcin, 2005. Effect of dietary hazelnut meal supplementation on the meat composition of quails. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 29: 1285-1290.
Direct Link  |  

Yigit, M., M. Erdem, S. Koshio, S. Ergun, A. Turker and B. Karaali, 2006. Substituting fish meal with poultry by-product meal in diets for black Sea turbot Psetta maeotica. Aquacult. Nutr., 12: 340-347.
CrossRef  |  

Yigit, M., O. Yardim and S. Koshio, 2002. The protein sparing effects of high lipid levels in diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, W. 1792) with special reference to reduction of total nitrogen excretion. Isr. J. Aquac. Bamidgeh, 54: 79-88.
Direct Link  |