Abstract: About 4 strains of kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata Nees.), CIMAP/AP-3, CIMAP/AP-10 and CIMAP/AH-89 and local check were evaluated at three population densities (74,074, 111,111 and 222,222 plants ha-1) for growth behavior, biomass and diterpenoid lactones production at the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India during July to November, 2004 and 2005. The strain CIMAP/AP-3 was found to possess desired agronomic traits viz., 60 cm plant height, 45 cm plant spread, 28 branches per plant and 60° branching angle from main shoot. The advantage in biomass and diterpenoid lactones (andrographolide and neo-andrographolide) production with CIMAP/AP-3 over other strains was 33.4-79.4 and 31.6-70.7%, respectively. Planting at a closer spacing of 30x15 cm accommodating 2,22,222 plants ha-1 produced maximum dry biomass and andrographolide and neoandrographolide yield under the subtropical climate of North India.
Man Singh, A. Singh, R.S. Tripathi, R.K. Verma, M.M. Gupta, H.O. Mishra, H.P. Singh and A.K. Singh, 2011. Growth Behavior, Biomass and Diterpenoid Lactones Production in Kalmegh (Andrographis Paniculata Nees.) Strains at Different Population Densities. Agricultural Journal, 6: 115-118.