Abstract: Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) is on rise along the forest borders of the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats of South India as it is a major habitat of the Asian Elephants. To reduce the HEC several automated and manual techniques are in practice. This study, presents a literature review on the recent advances and techniques followed to monitor, track and detect the intrusion of elephants into the habitat of humans. These tracking and detection of the elephants allows humans to take precise counter measures that can alleviate the HEC. The elephant tracking approaches falls in two broad categories: technical and non- technical approaches. The technical approaches involve effective research improvements of science to track the elephants. These techniques involve the use of sensors like vibration sensor, acoustic sensor, camera, PIR sensor. The technical approach does not risk human lives as the monitoring and tracking of elephants is done with automated systems. The non-technical approaches involves humans to track and detect elephants. These techniques may risk lives of both humans and elephants. This study, reviews techniques followed for tracking and detection of elephants with the analysis of parameters considered for detection, drawbacks of the techniques and future research recommendations to track elephants.
M. Prabu and G. Praveen kumar, 2016. Review on Recent Advances in Elephant Tracking and Detection: A Sensorial Approach. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 15: 1132-1138.