Abstract: Clustering plays an effective role in utilization and saving of senor energy. Where nodes are grouped into clusters and one node, called the cluster head is responsible for collecting data from other nodes, aggregates them and sends them to the BS. In multi-hop communication, the cluster head farthest away from the BS routes its data over several hops until they reach the BS. A network portioning problem arises when the nodes that are very close to the BS burdened with heavy relay traffic load and therefore die much faster than others. In this project we introduced a new unequal size clustering protocol that balances the energy consumption among all clusters, where each cluster will have an mobile sink has been used to collect data from CH, clusters head send data to mobile sink that are will have few number of nodes to be able to save energy to the ones that are far from the BS, that have large number of nodes. This path and energy balanced algorithm helps to balance energy and prolong the life time of node.
P. Parthiban, G. Sundararaj and P. Maniiarasan, 2016. Optimizing Base Station Mobile Sink by Energy Balanced Clustering for Wireless Sensor Network. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 15: 4559-4566.