Abstract: The presence of competing speakers signal input mixture in a noisy and fluctuated environment greatly degrades the performance. Noise and fluctuations hinders the process of speech separations. Very few research works accounts for these factors in their supervisory and unsupervisory estimation methods. The limitation of libraries or known speech samples and its recognition in a new environment makes speech signal processing a cumbersome exercise. An intelligent unsupervisory method would be a better choice for such requirements. Keeping view of this challenge, this research study proposes a novel method to separate multichannel speech signal from a single mixture captured in both stationary and non-stationary noisy and fluctuating environment using Multichannel B Hybridized K-superset Heuristic Speech separation Algorithm (MC-HKHSA). MC-HKHSA estimates pitch values for voiced and fluctuated voiced segments and forms supersets for multiple speakers. Noisy segments are filtered and fluctuated voice segments are grouped as a unique stream. This approach involves coarse and fine level speech processing and segregation mechanism making the overall process hybridized. Aim of MC-HKHSA is to segregate individual speech signals retaining its intelligibility, quality and naturalness. It removes excess background residual noise while retaining the positive features of enhanced speech. Simultaneous process management reduces the error rate due to interalgorithmic value conversions. Simulation and experimental evaluations demonstrate that our approach outperforms other existing schemes with various energy levels. The improvement was due to our fine algorithmic analysis towards inter and intra superset evaluation and fine-tuning their overlapping coefficients effectively through hybridized mechanism. The convergence time taken to separate the signals was comparatively less when compared to other supervised and unsupervised methods. Results show the proposed scheme consistently reduces background noise with no further apparent speech damage.
Logeshwari and Anandha Mala, 2016. Multichannel Speech Processing and Separation Using Hybridized K-Superset Heuristic Algorithm. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 15: 4770-4782.