Abstract: One of the common disorders coming along with Schizophrenia is OCD or OCS. In patients suffering from Schizophrenia and OCD, the positive and negative diagnoses of Schizophrenia show resistance against treatment. Despite this, there is little data on the relation between OCD/OCS in patients with Chronic Schizophrenia in Iran. This study is designed to investigate the prevalence of OCD along with Chronic schizopherenia. In this cross-sectional study 100 patients in Shafa hospital were chosen in 1392 who were diagnosed with Schizophrenia based on DSM-IV-TR interview, for whom positive and negative scale syndrome, Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale were filled out. The demographic factors, psychiatric diagnoses severity and kind of psychiatric drugs were compared in two groups of patients with Schizophrenia with and without OCD/OCS. The average age of patients under study was 36.77±9.6 with minimum age 18 and maximum age 63. Of 100 patients, 59 had OCD and 41 of them had no OCD.53% of patients had some psychiatric background in families. The average age for Schizophrenia diagnosis was 24.64±67. The OCD severity was weak, mild and severe equaling 17.5, 28.1 and 13.4%, respectively. Patients with Schizophrenia and OCD showed a higher positive and general PANSS average score which was meaningful statistically (p<0.05). The prevalence of OCD in patients with Schizophrenia under study was higher than that of other studies and these patients had a higher positive PANSS score which certifies a sub-branch called.
Somayeh Shokrgozar, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yousefnezhad, Mahbobeh Roshandelrad, Masuomeh Ellahi, Mahdiyeh Pakdaman, Elahe Moradkhani and Kiomars Najjafi, 2016. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Positive and Negative Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia. International Journal of Tropical Medicine, 11: 122-125.