Abstract: This study was carried out to assess the morbidity pattern and outcome of children in a PICU (Paediatric Intensive Care Unit) of a tertiary care hospital in Odisha. In developing countries, there are scarce data on pediatric critical care. This makes the modification of practices to improve outcome, difficult. A retrospective study of the demography, clinical profile, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of children admitted to the PICU of Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences from January 2014 to December 2015 was done. A total of 848 children were admitted of which 61.3% were males and 38.7% females. The leading cause of admission was infectious diseases (20.7%), respiratory disease (19.1%) and central nervous system diseases (14.3%). Multiorgan Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS) and co-morbidity were present in 25 and 22%, respectively. The proportion of deaths among patients admitted to the PICU was 4.1%. Children with MODS and co-morbidity had higher mortality. The overall mortality rate in our PICU was low. We conclude, a well-equipped intensive care unit with modern and innovative facilities leads to a good outcome.
Bandya Sahoo, Sibabratta Patnaik, Reshmi Mishra and Mukesh Kumar Jain, 2020. Morbidity Pattern of Children Admitted to a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit of India. International Journal of Tropical Medicine, 15: 80-83.