Abstract: A total of 82 deep cervical swabs were collected from 10 post-parturient Nubian goats. Thirty eight of these swabs were from five Nubian goats which were kidded normally (control group) and 44 swabs were from post-parturient Caesarean sectioned Nubian goats (C.S group). Collection of the swabs, started from the second day after kidding till the goat came into the first observable heat. The bacteria isolated from swabs taken from the two groups of goats reached 104 species belonging to 10 different genera. They included Bacillus sp. Bordetella sp. Corynebacterium sp. Escherichia sp. Gemella sp. Klebsiella sp. Microccocus sp. Proteus sp. Staphylococcus sp. and Streptococcus sp. The organisms which were common between the two groups included: Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Escherichia fergusonii, Staphylococcus chromogens and Streptococcus faecalis.It was noticed that four goats in the control group were free from aerobic bacteria as early as day 13 and only one goat continued to show these organisms till the occurrence of first oestrus post-partum. However, in the C.S group, four goats continued to host the organisms till the signs of oestrus were observed and only one goat was free from the organisms at day 21. Depending on these finding, the post-partum period in the normally kidded Nubian goats ranged between 13 - 36 days (23.4±8.46) and between 21-41 days (35±8.22) in the C.sectioned Nubian goats and the difference between the two groups was a significant (p< 0.05). It could be concluded from this study, that C.S. resulted in a significant prolongation of the post-partum period in the Nubian goats with a noticeable change in the aerobic uterine flora.
S.A. Makawi and M.E. Badawi , 2007. Effect of Caesarean Section (C.S) on Uterine Aerobic Bacteria and Post-Partum Period in Nubian Goats . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6: 375-378.