Abstract: The genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of 7 China rabbit populations were investigated with 15 microsatellite. The results showed that: The value of the average expected heterozygosity (He range from 0.820±0.012-0.675±0.031) Polymorphic Information Content (PIC range from 0.796±0.016-0.625±0.033) and the mean effective number of alleles (Ne = 6.625±0.498) of the seven rabbit populations were high, which indicated that polymorphisms and genetic diversity of genes were abundant. The range of FST for the whole population was from 0.041 (6L3F8) -0.195 (Sat8). The mean FST was 0.099±0.010; the average of total inbreeding coeffient (FIT) was -0.004±0.052; the mean inbreeding coeffient among populations (FIS) was -0.114±0.050. The dendrogram by Unweighed Pair-Group Method with Arithmetic averaging (UPGMA) based on Neis genetic distance and Reynolds' genetic distance was similar. Seven populations were clustered into 4 groups. The Germany Angora Rabbit, American Rex Rabbit and Wan-line Angora Rabbit belonged to the first group; the New Zealand White Rabbit and Zika Rabbit were included in the second group; the Fujian Yellow Rabbit and Fujian Black Rabbit were clustered separately. The results suggested that the 15 microsatellite loci were effective markers for analysis of genetic relationships among rabbit populations.
Wu Tian-Wen, Xu Gui-Jiang, Pan Yu-Lai, Xie Xi-Ping, Li Bi-Chun and Wu Xin-Sheng, 2010. Study on Gennetic Diversity of 7 Rabbit Populations Evidenced by Microsatellite Makers. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9: 359-365.