Abstract: This research is an investigation of the application of liquid smoke produced from the pyrolysis of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) controlling anthracnose, a fungal disease caused by Colletotrichum capsici on chili. The experiments for liquid smoke production were carried out in a batch reactor apparatus on a range temperature of 100-350°C. The results showed that pyrolysis temperature and liquid smoke concentration significantly influenced the fungus spot caused by C. capsici. A chemical compound present in liquid smoke in treatment T2 was able to impair a growth of the fungal mycelium of C. capsici. The smallest spot diameter was found at concentration K3 with an average value of 0.454 cm; although it was not significantly different from the sizes of treatment K2 = 0.504 cm and K5 = 0.519 cm. However, the best treatment was obtained from a combination of treatment T2K4 (Pyrolysis temperature of 200-250°C and liquid smoke concentration of 8%). A long period of incubation in treatment of T2K4 and 4.5 day after incubation showed that there was a resistance characteristic in the treatment which caused the disease symptoms to appear in long time, making the pathogens to evolve longer.
M. Faisal, Asri Gani, Husni , Akhmad Baihaqi and Hiroyuki Daimon, 2016. Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Kernel Shell into Liquid Smoke and its Application to Control Anthracnose Disease on Chili (Capsicum annum L.). Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11: 2583-2587.