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Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 2265-2269
DOI: 10.3923/jeasci.2017.2265.2269  
Association Between Premenstrual Syndrome and Quality of Life among Female Students at a University in Selangor, Malaysia
S. Geetha , AK. Sairah and F. Mariam-Aisha
Abstract: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) refers to a common psychosomatic disorder which about 30-50% of woman in the childbearing age suffer from mild to moderate form and 3-8% suffer from it in its severe form. This study was undertaken to determine the association between premenstrual syndrome and quality of life and to identify the most common physical and psychiatric symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and determine the management of premenstrual syndrome among female students. A total of 300 female university students were respondents involved in this study and data were collected through self-administered questionnaire. Questionnaire was developed which included socio-demographic, obstetrical history, symptoms of PMS and management of premenstrual syndrome. Health related QOL was measured using Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Data obtained were then analyzed using Chi square, Anova and independent T-tests. This study revealed that the prevalence of PMS among the studied respondents was 69.7% and among them, 8.3% had severe form of PMS. While the mood swing (90.9%) and backache (78.9%) was identified as the most common psychiatric and physical symptoms, respectively. The study also showed that the burden of PMS on health related QOL was on those with PMS whom had lower scores in all scales. There is no significant differences were observed between scales of QOL according SF-36 in category of PMS. The most commonly used practice to overcome PMS symptoms was warm bathing (72.7%). Conclusively, PMS adversely affects QOL among female university students and is an important health problem. PMS is a prevalent yet undertreated which contributes to a disordered life among women. Therefore, to improve QOL of female students, constructive support should be provided to the affected female individual.
How to cite this article:
S. Geetha, AK. Sairah and F. Mariam-Aisha, 2017. Association Between Premenstrual Syndrome and Quality of Life among Female Students at a University in Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 2265-2269.
DOI: 10.3923/jeasci.2017.2265.2269