Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Year: 2018
Volume: 13
Issue: 8 SI
Page No. 6527 - 6532

Influence of Percentage Fertilizer Systems on Change of Agrochemical Properties of the Arable Layer of Leach Chernozem and on the Crops Productivity of Crop Rotation

Authors : Muhamet M. Khaibullin, Galina B. Kirillova, Gulnaz M. Yusupova, Ehduard S. Kagirov, Rustem Z. Ismagilov, Radik R. Rakhimov, Vladislav S. Sergeev, Fangat H. Khaziev, Radik R. Gaifullin and Fatih Y. Bagautdinov

Abstract: At present, the problem of fertility, use, conservation and restoration of soils is acute. The results of the study of the effect of percentagefertilizer systems on the productivity of crops of crop rotation for 2011-2017 are considered. We studied changes in the properties of chernozems on the territory of the Southern Urals with grain-steaming crop rotation without the use of fertilizers in versions using mineral organic and organic-mineral fertilizers. The results of the study of the content, stock, balance of fertilizer elements for agricultural use are shown. It has been established that the cultivation of crops without the use of fertilizers is accompanied by a slight increase in acidity, a decrease in the degree of saturation with bases and the process of dehumification, the use of mineral fertilizers provoked a clear increase in acidity. The introduction of organic fertilizers somewhat inhibits these processes. The results of a study of the influence of local ameliorants on yields of crops and agrochemical properties of soil are presented. It was established that waste from JSC "Soda" soda production and organo-mineral fertilizers on the basis of brown coal from the Kumertau deposit increased crop yields without worsening the agrochemical indices of the soil. And on the contrary, reducing the exchange acidity, enriching the content of the amount of phosphates, water-soluble and exchangeable potassium.

How to cite this article:

Muhamet M. Khaibullin, Galina B. Kirillova, Gulnaz M. Yusupova, Ehduard S. Kagirov, Rustem Z. Ismagilov, Radik R. Rakhimov, Vladislav S. Sergeev, Fangat H. Khaziev, Radik R. Gaifullin and Fatih Y. Bagautdinov, 2018. Influence of Percentage Fertilizer Systems on Change of Agrochemical Properties of the Arable Layer of Leach Chernozem and on the Crops Productivity of Crop Rotation. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6527-6532.

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