Authors : Damir R. Islamgulov, Rafael R. Ismagilov, Aygul U. Bakirova, Rail R. Alimgafarov, Azat M. Mukhametshin, Rafik I. Enikiev, Bulat G. Akhiyarov, Kamil R. Ismagilov, Arthur A. Kamilanov and Ruzil G. Yagafarov
Abstract: The aim of the study is to establish the optimal harvesting time for obtaining the maximum yield of root crops with high technological qualities and high profitability in the conditions of the Southern forest-steppe of the Republic of Bashkortostan.The patterns of changes in the weight of the tops and roots, the yield of the hybrid of the sugar beet RMS-120 at various times of harvesting are revealed. The dependence of the productivity and technological qualities of sugar beet roots (potassium, sodium, alpha-amino nitrogen, sugar, purified sugar, standard losses of sugar in molasses, total sugar output, gross output of purified sugar) on the harvesting period is established. The degree of influence of the harvesting period on the contamination and freezing of the sugar beet root crops is calculated. To determine the optimal harvesting period, it is suggested to use the gross output of refined sugar, taking into account contamination and freezing of root crops. As a result, a high economic efficiency of sugar beet cultivation was established for the gross output of refined sugar, taking into account losses due to contamination and freezing of root crops during harvesting from October 10-25.
Damir R. Islamgulov, Rafael R. Ismagilov, Aygul U. Bakirova, Rail R. Alimgafarov, Azat M. Mukhametshin, Rafik I. Enikiev, Bulat G. Akhiyarov, Kamil R. Ismagilov, Arthur A. Kamilanov and Ruzil G. Yagafarov, 2018. Productivity and Technological Qualities of Sugar Beet at Different Times of Harvesting Depending on Contamination and Freezing of Root Crops. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6533-6540.