Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Year: 2019
Volume: 14
Issue: 16
Page No. 5925 - 5941

Review of the Environmental Characteristics of Fire Extinguishing Substances of Different Composition used for Fires Extinguishing of Various Classes

Authors : Valentyna Loboichenko, Victor Strelets, Maya Gurbanova, Andriy Morozov, Pavlo Kovalov, Roman Shevchenko, Tetiana Kovalova and Roman Ponomarenko

Abstract: The study shows the environmental characteristics of various substances used for the fires extinguishing. It is specified there is a negative impact on the environment of synthetic foam agents containing the fluorine, the absence of environmentally non-hazardous foam agents. The presence in the environment of a significant amount of decomposition products of fluorine-containing film-forming foams is marked. Some of them belong to persistent organic pollutants and the properties of the most compounds have not been investigated yet. There is a departure from the use of gaseous fire extinguishing agents with ozone-depleting properties-chladones and the ambiguity of the environmental characteristics of the compounds replacing them. For a number of fire-extinguishing compounds informative environmental data are presented a little. And there is search in progress for more environmentally non-hazardous fire-extinguishing compounds. Analysis of the environmental requirements for fire extinguishing substances in a number of countries has shown that for most developed countries there is a trend away from the use of environmentally hazardous fire extinguishing agents which are used for the fires extinguishing of various classes. There is no one universal approach to determining the environmental parameters of fire extinguishing compounds.

How to cite this article:

Valentyna Loboichenko, Victor Strelets, Maya Gurbanova, Andriy Morozov, Pavlo Kovalov, Roman Shevchenko, Tetiana Kovalova and Roman Ponomarenko, 2019. Review of the Environmental Characteristics of Fire Extinguishing Substances of Different Composition used for Fires Extinguishing of Various Classes. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 14: 5925-5941.

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