Abstract: The prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has become a stumbling block in the progress of human civilization and is one of the main health concerns in the 21st century all over the world. The HIV/AIDS epidemic poses a serious public health threat to young people both in Bangladesh and throughout the world. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to examine the trend in HIV and HIV/AIDS risk related behaviors among recognized high-risk populations in Bangladesh. Researchers analyze serological surveillance data from 1998 to 2011 collected by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Bivariate statistical techniques were used to examine the trends in HIV/AIDS related risk behavior among high risk populations in Bangladesh. The prevalence of HIV among people who inject drugs has increased considerably from 4.60% in 2003 to 2004 to 15.70% in 2011. The prevalence of HIV also increased significantly among transgender population from 0.20% in 2003 to 3004 to 4.20% in 2011. For the rest of the high risk population the pattern is not clear, this may be due to the nature of the survey. However, the total number of HIV/AIDS patients has increased considerably since the first case was detected in 1989. A comprehensive prevention program is an urgent need. Efforts should be concentrated on education and condom promotion to reduce sexually transmitted infections, screening programs for migrant workers and continuation of both behavioral and serological components of HIV surveillance, to prevent increased infectious or transmitted to high-risk groups with due to consideration to the consistency of surveillance indicators.
Md. Nazrul Islam Mondal, Nazrul Hoque, Md. Humayun Kabir, Sanjib Kumar Shaha, Md. Shahidur Rahman Choudhary, Md. Shariful Islam and Md. Shahiduzzaman, 2014. HIV/AIDS and Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Recognized High Risk Groups in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 11: 62-69.