Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences

Year: 2019
Volume: 16
Issue: 4
Page No. 97 - 102

A Study of the Factors Affecting Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients

Authors : Naila Alam

Abstract: Breast cancer has been considered as general malignancies among women in all countries. The previous studies explored that quality of life of breast cancer patients gave the main idea in expressing the different aspects of patients around different fields of wellbeing. This study explores different demographic and other factors (Physical well being, Psychological wellbeing, social wellbeing and spiritual wellbeing) that affect the Quality of Life (QOL) of breast cancer survivors. The data is obtained from female breast cancer patients who visited Institute of Nuclear Oncology and Medicine Lahore (INMOL) Pakistan during the period of November, 2016 to January, 2017 by face to face meeting and through mobile phones. The female patients who have completed their 1 year survivorship are included in the study and their physical well being, psychological wellbeing, social wellbeing, spiritual wellbeing and QOL are measured with a modified (adapted) questionnaire. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and structural equation modeling techniques are used to quantify the effects. The 36 total items are compressed in 6 factors using EFA techniquenamed as physical exertion, psychological well being, social well being, spiritual well being and quality of life. The value of 1267.401 and model fit indices (CFI, TLI; 0.85, 0.92) indicate a better fit. The value of RMSEA (0.07) is significant showing a good fit of the model. Also, different regression and correlation models are estimated through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results of EFA and CFA indicate a good fit of model. The results show thatfamily income, social status, marital status, income having family history of breast cancer and length of breastfeeding period has significant effect on QOL of breast cancer patients. It is noticed that regression effect of physical exertion, psychological wellbeing and spiritual well being is significant on QOL of breast cancer survivors but social wellbeing has no significant effect.

How to cite this article:

Naila Alam , 2019. A Study of the Factors Affecting Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 16: 97-102.

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2023 All Rights Reserved