Research Journal of Applied Sciences

Year: 2007
Volume: 2
Issue: 5
Page No. 646 - 652

Oil Extraction from Sheanut Kernel (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn) and Canarium Pulp (Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.) Using Supercritical Co2 and Hexane: A Comparative Study

Authors : Gilles Bernard Nkouam , Cesar Kapseu , Danielle Barth , Michel Dirand and Jean Bosco Tchatchueng

Abstract: Oil extraction using CO2 from sheanut kernel (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.) and Canarium pulp (Canarium Schweinfurthii Engl.)has been studied in comparison with hexane extraction. Samples that were stored at 18 C and -33 C, were analyzed after 1 month, 1 year and 2 years. Results showed that the extraction yields varied (dry basis) from 17.43-39.57% for shea butter and from 16.10-40.45% for Canarium oil. Lipids extracted with CO2 gave highest acid values, but lowest iodine values what irrespective of the storage temperature. Shea butter analysis by gaseous phase chromatography indicated a composition in stearic and oleic acids that did not vary significantly. Butter extracted with supercritical CO2 from sheanut kernel stored at 18 C were rich in polyunsaturated fatty acid. These results suggest that greater investigations on supercritical CO2 extraction of these fatty materials should be encouraged because of its selectivity.

How to cite this article:

Gilles Bernard Nkouam , Cesar Kapseu , Danielle Barth , Michel Dirand and Jean Bosco Tchatchueng , 2007. Oil Extraction from Sheanut Kernel (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn) and Canarium Pulp (Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.) Using Supercritical Co2 and Hexane: A Comparative Study . Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 2: 646-652.

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2022 All Rights Reserved