Authors : Umi Sumbulah
Abstract: One of the most popular religious phenomenon at the end of the half after the New Order is the rise of fundamentalist religious movements in public universities. Many people judge these symptoms as the most tangible response to the failure of modernization in fulfilling its promises. Religion is offered as an alternative system of values that are considered most adequate in mitigating the negative aspects of secularization and modernization. But amid stiff resistance shown, many people worried about the emergence of various religious movements which tend to be exclusive, intolerant and do not recognize pluralism. This study reveals the ideological construction of the fundamentalist movement in view of the West and other religions. The results showed that the rise of this movement on public universities in Malang, it was not solely the result of the extension wing ideology of transnational movements but also due to concerns about the issue of proselytizing and Western hegemony. Therefore, although Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) and Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI) have a difference in choosing a strategy of proselytizing, they had the same spirit in defining and understanding what they refer to as enemies of Islam and the need to show the superiority of Islam in the arena against the West. The growth of fundamentalist movements also appears to be sponsored by a political ecology that is open to groups and religious movements flow to actualize themselves.
Umi Sumbulah , 2016. Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia Images on the West, Christian and Jewish. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 1300-1306.