Research Journal of Applied Sciences

Year: 2017
Volume: 12
Issue: 10
Page No. 455 - 466

Optimum Power Production of Small Hydropower Plant (SHP) using Firefly Algorithm (FA) in Himreen Lake Dam (HLD), Eastern Iraq

Authors : Ali Thaeer Hammid, Mohd Herwan Bin Sulaiman and Atheer Ahmed Kadhim

Abstract: In developing countries, the amount of electrical power production is lower than the request of power or load. Therefore, sustaining the stability of optimum power production system becomes a problem. Sometimes, the development of the correct quantity of load demand is necessary in order to keep the system of power production steady. Thus, the addition of Kaplan turbine into Small Hydropower Plant (SHP) is verified to explore its applicability. This study focuses on the improvement of optimization model by applying particle swarm optimization and firefly algorithm methods in order to get a stable power production utility at its maximum level. Furthermore, it investigates on the minimization of utility loss in power production from the hydropower systemn which is done by optimizing the variables of operation control in the hydropower plant at Lake Himreen-Diyala Dam. The variables mentioned are net turbine head, rate of water flow and power production which had been gathered in the data during a research throughout a 10 years period. Moreover, this study investigates the uncertainties of input and output operation of small hydropower plant, the designing of the entire 3570 experiments and the data collected from the observation on the performance of the nonlinear plant model. The results obtained from these two methods, namely Firefly Algorithm (FA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) are compared. The inferences for general comparisons are created through several behavior indicators. The behavior indicators illustrate that FA’s performance is better than PSO’s performance in some fields. At the end, the results show the strength of FA as well as its efficiency and superiority.

How to cite this article:

Ali Thaeer Hammid, Mohd Herwan Bin Sulaiman and Atheer Ahmed Kadhim, 2017. Optimum Power Production of Small Hydropower Plant (SHP) using Firefly Algorithm (FA) in Himreen Lake Dam (HLD), Eastern Iraq. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 455-466.

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