Research Journal of Applied Sciences

Year: 2018
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Page No. 189 - 194

Economic Phenomenon of Bird’s-Eye Chili Pepper (Capsicum annum) as Strategic Commodity in Indonesia

Authors : Ria Indriani Natsir, Rahim Darma, Yunus Musa and Nixia Tenriawaru

Abstract: Indonesian people is the biggest consumer of spice, especially, bird’s-eye chili pepper. Therefore, bird’s-eye chili turned out as one of the strategic commodity of Indonesia. As the second biggest chili and bird’s-eye chili producer after China, Indonesian economic inflation is significantly influenced by bird’s-eye chili commodity. Bird’s-eye chili market price highly fluctuates from 500-100.000 IDR/kg. Its contribution to country inflation was 0.35% from 3.02% in 2016. Bird’s-eye chili has high potential as anexport commodity with 3.41 kg/year per capita production and 1.26 kg/year per capita consumption. The efforts to solve bird’s-eye chiliprice fluctuations are to increase the supply by improving bird’s-eye chili production by optimizing bird’s-eye chili cultivation in all seasons. The regulation about bird’s-eye chili market price is highly required to help increasing economy. It is also required to improve crop land for bird’s-eye chili, not only for massive production but also for home production. Bird’s-eye chili can be imported to fulfill market needs either. Thus, for balancing the economic rate of bird’s-eye chili, it is required to to build the reliable and sustainable partnership between farmers, government, distributors and other parties. This improvement is expected to increase the production and distribution process to all area which can increase the bird’s-eye chili economical value.

How to cite this article:

Ria Indriani Natsir, Rahim Darma, Yunus Musa and Nixia Tenriawaru, 2018. Economic Phenomenon of Bird’s-Eye Chili Pepper (Capsicum annum) as Strategic Commodity in Indonesia. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 13: 189-194.

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