Abstract: The aim of this work is to enhance the safou tree “orchard” of Brazzaville by carrying out the morphological and physicochemical characterization of the fruits collected from 50 trees in the 5 districts, at the rate of 10 trees per district. The characterization of the fruits made it possible to identify the types of size, class and category of safous the most found and the most cultivated in this large orchard. This study showed us that the Safous of Brazzaville form a very homogeneous group of fruits and resemble those already found in the literature. Descriptive studies on morphology indicate that it is the fruit with the sphericity index (width/length) of around 0.5 that is most commonly found in the sub-region. The safous of Brazzaville are similar to each other and, ultimately, resemble the type of safous the most sold in the sub-region. The oil extracted from the pulp has the following major fatty acid profiles: C16: 0 C18: 1 C18: 2 C18: 0 C18: 3 followed by C16: 0 C18: 2 C18: 1 C18: 0 C18: 3 with average palmitic acid contents <50%. Oleic and linoleic acids have almost similar contents with values, respectively equal to 26.8 (±5.4) and 21.5(±4.3)%.
Feueltgaldah Christian Bopoundza, Bob Wilfrid Loumouamou, Celestine Ngounga Kiminou, Anicet Frédéric Binaki, Eliane Thérèse Biassala, David Mampouya and Thomas Silou, 2020. Morphological and Physicochemical Characterization of Safous from Brazzaville. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 15: 296-304.