Research Journal of Applied Sciences

Year: 2021
Volume: 16
Issue: 5
Page No. 192 - 203

Phytochemical, Pharmacognostic, Anti-Radical, Anti-Arthritic and Antibacterial Potential of the Leaf Extract of Dialium guineense

Authors : Ololade Zacchaeus S., Anuoluwa Iyadunni A and Ishaku Paul

Abstract: This research evaluates the extract of the leaf of Dialium guineense for its phytochemical and pharmacognostic potential. GC-MS, UV-Visible Spectrophotometer and other established biochemical methods assays were used for the study. GC-MS analysis showed the presence of 37 phytochemicals. The main component was: 4-O-methylmannose (49.0%). The β-carotene, lycopene, total carotenoid, chlorophyll a, b, total chlorophyll, TPC, TFC, TTC, TAA values were 0.20 mgg–1, 0.10 mgg–1, 12.68 mgg–1, 4.40 mgg–1, 4.70 mgg–1, 7.80 mgg–1, 2,668.17±0.01 μgmg–1, 17.80±0.00 μgmg–1, 152.65±0.01 μgmg–1, 43.75±0.04, μgmg–1, respectively while Galvinoxyl and DPPH antioxidant IC50 were 125.0 and 6.0 μgmL–1, respectively. The TAC value was 279.49±0.01 μgmg–1. The highest anti-arthritic value was 96.00%. The extract inhibited the growth of all the screener bacteria. These results showed that the leafcan be used in the treatment of various human and animal’s related aliment or diseases and more importantly in formulation food additives and preservative.

How to cite this article:

Ololade Zacchaeus S., Anuoluwa Iyadunni A and Ishaku Paul, 2021. Phytochemical, Pharmacognostic, Anti-Radical, Anti-Arthritic and Antibacterial Potential of the Leaf Extract of Dialium guineense. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 16: 192-203.

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