Abstract: The main objective of this study was to show the kinetic changes of carbon monoxide and its equivalent carboxyhaemoglobin in the blood during smoking models. This is an experimental descriptive cross sectional study. This study was performed in Irbid cafes using a special instrument called carbon monoxide monitor (piCO+ Smokerlyzer). A previously prepared questionnaire was used to collect personal and smoking related data. A total of 437 participants were involved in this study and divided into 4 groups: passive smokers, cigarette smokers, waterpipe smokers and waterpipe and cigarette smokers. The results showed that age, sex, job, nationality, type of smoking and smoking inhaling frequency were associated significantly with both readings of carbon monoxide and carboxyhaemoglobin (p≤0.05). The results also showed that after 1 h of smoking, all smokers had dangerous amounts of carbon monoxide and its equivalent carboxyhaemoglobin in the blood. In all cases, passive smokers had profound impacts of carbon monoxide compared with smokers. The results showed that breath carbon monoxide and blood carboxyhaemoglobin resulting from smoking exceed the normal levels into dangerous levels and breath carbon monoxide and blood carboxyhaemoglobin resulting from cigarettes is higher than that from waterpipe.
Ali Shotar, Ahed Al Khatib, Ahmad Boran, Hatem Al Mansouri and Virginia Rice, 2015. Kinetic Changes of Carbon Monoxide and Carboxyhemoglobin Levels among Various Smoking Models. Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 66-71.