Abstract: Road traffic accidents are considered significant problems on global level and associated with economic and social impacts. The relationship between latent toxoplasmosis and the involvement of road traffic accidents has received much attention by researchers and scientists all over the world. The objectives of the present study were to assess the prevalence of T. gondii IgG among the drivers involved in road traffic accidents and to examine the possible association between latent toxoplasmosis and the involvement of road traffic accidents. The study participants involved 13 persons who were arrested for being involved in road traffic accidents. A cross-sectional design was employed. A total of 200 participants from normal population were involved as a control group to compare T. gondii IgG of drivers. A questionnaire was constructed to collect data from all participants. A blood sample was withdrawn from each participant to assay T. gondii IgG and IgM. Study findings showed that prevalence of T. gondii IgG was 15.4% in study group and 12% in control group. The association of seroprevalance of T. gondii IgG between study and control groups was lacked (p = 0.828). On the other hand, there was a significant association between level of 0 IgG in both study and control groups (p = 0.009). All participants in study group were negative for T. gondii IgG. As a conclusion, The results of this study did not show a significant relationship between the seroprevalence of T. gondii IgG and the involvement of road traffic accidents whereas the level of T. gondii IgG was varied significantly between study and control group (p = 0.009). The researchers recommend to conduct more studies regarding latent toxoplasmosis with larger size and to involve both groups of drivers and victims. We also recommend to monitor all involved persons for positivity of RhD.
Ali Shotar, Sukaina A. Alzyoud and Ahed J. AlKhatib, 2016. Latent Toxoplasmosis and the Involvement in Road Traffic Accidents among a Sample of Jordanian Drivers. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 10: 194-198.