Authors : Chuku Umezurike
Abstract: The ongoing global warming is another evidence of the low democratic impetus of contemporary global governance underscoring in particular the manner in which industrial development in the advanced countries is threatening (via the environment) human survival in the underdeveloped countries such as Nigeria. This is even all the more boosted by the ongoing neoliberal regimes across the globe. Even though, natural causes of the current global warming abound, the social causes or the anthropogenic aspects exist and have even been shown to be dominant. These latter aspects which have expanded since, the industrial revolution have involved the combustion of fossil fuels for industrial or domestic usages. They have also included biomass burning and the production of green house gases and aerosols which have affected the composition of the atmosphere. The failures of contemporary global governance in dealing with the causes, course and solutions to the ongoing global warming lie effectively with inadequate commitment of the advanced countries in climate change mitigation, especially as it borders on the developing countries. Scholarship has not only captured gargantuan failures in overall governance on the part of the developing countries but also similar inadequacies in the democratic governance of the environment in these climatic vulnerable countries especially under the aegis of neoliberal political economy regimes. These inadequacies which are numerous have generally incapacitated the prospects of mobilizing the peoples of underdeveloped countries for climate change mitigation. In the light of all these, the thesis of the present study is that low global democratic governance of the ongoing climate change has led to high vulnerability of Nigeria to this climate change manifesting in such specific aspects as weak poverty alleviation; low electoral democracy and the party system and growing authoritarianism in the public policy process.
Chuku Umezurike , 2012. The Implications of Climate Change for Democratic Governance in Nigeria. The Social Sciences, 7: 412-423.