Abstract: The existence of two well-known educational institutions in the state of Perak; namely, the Sultan Idris Teacher Training College in Tanjung Malim (SITC) and Maahad ll Ihya al-Syarif in Gunong Semanggol has been very significant to the people in the state. The former, located in the South of Perak while the latter, situated in the Northern part of the state, had successfully generated awareness among the Malays to put up a mass struggle against the British, the colonial holders of their land. The awareness created resulted in the formation of various political organizations such as Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM), Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya (PKMM), Angkatan Pemuda Insaf (API), Angkatan Wanita Sedar (AWS), Hizbul Muslimin (HM), Parti Islam SeMalaya (PAS) and Parti Rakyat Malaya (PRM). As a matter of fact, these organizations managed to shape the political landscape of the Malay States. They openly and persistently demanded independence from the colonialists. Hence, they were consequently labelled as the Malay radicals by the British. This study attempts to expose the roles played by the two educational institutions as well as the roles and contributions of Perak born leaders in the mainstream struggle for the independence of the Malay States.
Ishak Saat, Kamaruzzaman Yusoff, Rosli Abdul Rahman and Abdul Basir Mohamad, 2012. The Historical Research on the Existence of Mainstream Struggles for the Independence of Malaya in 1945-1957. The Social Sciences, 7: 757-765.