The Social Sciences

Year: 2015
Volume: 10
Issue: 7
Page No. 1812 - 1816

Economic Man Model by M. Foucault

Authors : Roman K. Smirnov

Abstract: The study based mainly on M. Foucault’s work “The birth of biopolitics”, summarized the philosopher’s view on the subject of an economic man. M. Foucault’s approach is peculiarity to the concept of an economic man is that he considers him under the aspect of management practices, as a specific type of rationality or a discourse. An economic person is analyzed by M. Foucault from the perspective of genealogy method developed by him, the possibilities of which are indicated in the research. Thus, M. Foucault’s genealogical approach is not only designed to work with the spiritual sphere of society, but also allows you to reveal the complex structure of economic consciousness; to identify the relationship uniqueness of each element of discourse; to conclude that the difference between discursive practices cannot be removed in their synthesis; to conclude that the main criterion of the discourse viability is not the contradictions with which he is confronted, but the demand for his inherent rationality. The study presents the features that define the model of M. Foucault’s economic man in a systematic form. The most important forms are: an economic man is a market man, he differs not only from a medieval person but also from a secular person; an economic man is an artificial one by nature and is the product of management practices; he is self-sufficient and authoritarian in nature. A special attention is paid to the Liberal and Neo-Liberal Model of an economic man. On the basis of their comparison as well as on the material summary, it is concluded that the economic views of M. Foucault are not only relevant today but also contain a heuristic capacity which allows to take a fresh look at the analysis and the critique of bourgeois consciousness in the face of his carrier, an economic man.

How to cite this article:

Roman K. Smirnov , 2015. Economic Man Model by M. Foucault. The Social Sciences, 10: 1812-1816.

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