Abstract: Considering the multiethnic composition of Russia and due to local and global changes in the modern ethno-political and ethno-social situation, the problem of regulation of interethnic relations is relevant and important both from scientific and practical point of view. National policy is a special sphere of state regulationwhich, on the one hand, requires the understanding of the nature and mechanisms of ethnic processes and on the other hand, possesses the integrative character, since its implementation is carried out in different areas of society-economic, political, social and cultural ones. The study analyzes the transitional period in the national policy that is related to the change of the national state system model from imperial unitary one, expressed in the formula "united and indivisible Russia" to the Soviet-based federalism. The analysis of these models shows that in the framework of the Russian Empire there existed mechanisms of realization of the interests of the peoples living in it while "Soviet federalism" was a fairly conventional design.
G.A. Gevorgyan, O.G. Karapkova, I.E. Kopchenko and V.M. Khlopkova, 2016. Transition from the Imperial to the Soviet Model in Russian National Policy: Political and Legal Aspects. The Social Sciences, 11: 6770-6775.