Abstract: Bovine tuberculosis is a dangerous infectious disease that affects cattle and poses a public health threat. It's especially critical in Ethiopia, where there arent many efficient control measures. However, in response to rising milk demand and the Ethiopian government's efforts to boost livestock output, intensive husbandry settings containing exotic and cross-bred animals have expanded in recent years. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in Woliata Sodo town from January 2019 to March 2020 to evaluate the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) using the comparative intradermal tuberculin test. The total frequency of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle was 11.3 percent (n = 31) at the proposed cut off of > 4 mm. The CIDT was performed on 274 dairy cattle, including cross-bred (30.3%) and exotic cattle (69.7%). Using the SPSS software, the data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Chi square. The prevalence difference across herd size groups was statistically significant (x2 = 34.6152; df = 4; P 0.001). Furthermore, the prevalence of bovine TB was substantially linked (P 0.05) with animal breed categories, although the remaining factors were insignificantly associated (P > 0.05). Finally, this study demonstrated the significance of BTB in the study area in particular and the region in general.
Samson Abebe, Shimelis Dejene, Misganaw Mulugeta, Alemayehu Yohannes and Wondimu Wodajo, 2021. Bovine Tuberculosis Magnitude and Associated Factors in Woliata Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Veterinary Research, 14: 40-45.