Search in Medwell
 
 
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 2427-2436
DOI: 10.3923/jeasci.2017.2427.2436  
A Review of Effect the LPG Fuels Addition on the Emissions and Performance in Compression Ignition Engine
Radhwan Ali, Nuraini Abdul Aziz and Abdul Aziz Hairuddin
 
References
Agarwal, A.K., 2007. Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 33: 233-271.
CrossRef  |  

Amarendar, R.G., R.C.V. Mohan and R.K. Govinda, 2008. Experimental investigation of a single-cylinder, four-stroke diesel engine operating on the dual-fuel mode (LPG+ Diesel). Intl. J. Sci. Comput., 2: 145-152.

Balat, M., 2008. Potential importance of hydrogen as a future solution to environmental and transportation problems. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33: 4013-4029.
CrossRef  |  

Bora, B.J., B.K. Debnath, N. Gupta, N. Sahoo and U.K. Saha, 2013. Investigation on the flow behaviour of a venturi type gas mixer designed for dual fuel diesel engines. Int. J. Emerging Technol. Adv. Eng., 3: 202-209.
Direct Link  |  

Bression, G., D. Soleri, S. Savy, S. Dehoux and D. Azoulay et al., 2008. A study of methods to lower HC and CO emissions in diesel HCCI. SAE. Int. J. Fuels Lubr., 1: 37-49.
Direct Link  |  

Choi, G.H., Y.J. Chung and S.B. Han, 2005. Performance and emissions characteristics of a hydrogen enriched LPG internal combustion engine at 1400rpm. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 30: 77-82.
Direct Link  |  

Donghui, Q. and Z.L. Shenghua, 2005. Experimental studies on the combustion characteristics and performance of a naturally aspirated, direct injection engine fuelled with a liquid petroleum gas diesel blend. J. Automobile Eng., 219: 253-261.
Direct Link  |  

Elnajjar, E., M.O. Hamdan and M.Y.E. Selim, 2013. Experimental investigation of dual engine performance using variable LPG composition fuel. Renewable Energy, 56: 110-116.
CrossRef  |  

Elnajjar, E., M.Y. Selim and M.O. Hamdan, 2013. Experimental study of dual fuel engine performance using variable LPG composition and engine parameters. Energy Convers. Manage., 76: 32-42.
Direct Link  |  

Ergenc, A.T. and D.O. Koca, 2014. PLC controlled single cylinder diesel-LPG engine. Fuel, 130: 273-278.
Direct Link  |  

Ganesh, D., G. Nagarajan and M.M. Ibrahim, 2008. Study of performance, combustion and emission characteristics of diesel homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion with external mixture formation. Fuel, 87: 3497-3503.
CrossRef  |  

Goldsworthy, L., 2012. Combustion behaviour of a heavy duty common rail marine diesel engine fumigated with propane. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 42: 93-106.
Direct Link  |  

Hairuddin, A.A., T. Yusaf and A.P. Wandel, 2014. A review of hydrogen and natural gas addition in diesel HCCI engines. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 32: 739-761.
Direct Link  |  

Heywood, J., 1988. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. McGraw-Hill Education, New York, USA.,.

Kayes, D. and S. Hochgreb, 1999. Mechanisms of particulate matter formation in spark-ignition engines. 1: Effect of engine operating conditions. Environ. Sci. Technol., 33: 3957-3967.
Direct Link  |  

Komninos, N.P., 2009. Investigating the importance of mass transfer on the formation of HCCI engine emissions using a multi-zone model. Appl. Energy, 86: 1335-1343.
Direct Link  |  

Kuo, K.K., 2005. Principles of Combustion. 2nd Edn., John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Lata, D.B. and A. Misra, 2010. Theoretical and experimental investigations on the performance of dual fuel diesel engine with hydrogen and LPG as secondary fuels. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35: 11918-11931.
Direct Link  |  

Lata, D.B. and A. Misra, 2011. Analysis of ignition delay period of a dual fuel diesel engine with hydrogen and LPG as secondary fuels. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36: 3746-3756.
Direct Link  |  

Lata, D.B., A. Misra and S. Medhekar, 2011. Investigations on the combustion parameters of a dual fuel diesel engine with hydrogen and LPG as secondary fuels. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36: 13808-13819.
Direct Link  |  

Lata, D.B., A. Misra and S. Medhekar, 2012. Effect of hydrogen and LPG addition on the efficiency and emissions of a dual fuel diesel engine. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37: 6084-6096.
Direct Link  |  

Lee, J., S. Choi, H. Kim, D. Kim and H. Choi et al., 2013. Reduction of emissions with propane addition to a diesel engine. Int. J. Automot. Technol., 14: 551-558.

Leermakers, C.A.J., V.D.B. Berge, C.C.M. Luijten, D.L.P.H. Goey and S. Jaasma, 2011. Direct injection of diesel-butane blends in a heavy duty engine. SAE. Int. J. Fuels Lubr., 4: 179-187.
Direct Link  |  

Murthy, K., N. Madhwesh and B.R. ShrinivasaRao, 2012. Influence of injection timing on the performance of dual fuel compression ignition engine with exhaust gas recirculation. Int. J. Eng. Res. Dev., 1: 36-42.
Direct Link  |  

Paykani, A., R.K. Saray, A.M. Kousha and M.S. Tabar, 2011. Performance and emission characteristics of dual fuel engines at part loads using simultaneous effect of exhaust gas recirculation and pre-heating of in-let air. Int. J. Automot. Eng., 1: 53-53.
Direct Link  |  

Pirouzpanah V. and K.R. Saray, 2007. Comparison of thermal and radical effects of EGR gases on combustion process in dual fuel engines at part loads. Energy Convers. Manage., 48: 1909-1918.
CrossRef  |  

Poonia, M.P., A. Bhardwaj, A.S. Jethoo and U. Pandel, 2011. Experimental investigations on engine performance and exhaust emissions in an LPG diesel dual fuel engine. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev., 2: 418-418.
Direct Link  |  

Qi, D.H., Y.Z. Bian, Z.Y. Ma, C.H. Zhang and S.Q. Liu, 2007. Combustion and exhaust emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine using liquefied petroleum gas diesel blended fuel. Energy Convers. Manage., 48: 500-509.
Direct Link  |  

Rao, G.A., A.V.S. Raju, C.V.M. Rao and K.G. Rajulu, 2011. Effect of LPG content on the performance and emissions of a diesel LPG dual fuel engine. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res., 46: 195-200.
Direct Link  |  

Rao, G.A., A.V.S. Raju, K.G. Rajulu and C.M. Rao, 2010. Performance evaluation of a dual fuel engine (Diesel+ LPG). Indian J. Sci. Technol., 3: 235-237.
Direct Link  |  

Raslavicius, L., A. Kersys, S. Mockus, N. Kersiene and M. Starevicius, 2014. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a medium-term option in the transition to sustainable fuels and transport. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 32: 513-525.
Direct Link  |  

Saleh, H.E., 2008. Effect of variation in LPG composition on emissions and performance in a dual fuel diesel engine. Fuel, 87: 3031-3039.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Sjoberg, M. and J.E. Dec, 2005. An investigation into lowest acceptable combustion temperatures for hydrocarbon fuels in HCCI engines. Proc. Combust. Inst., 30: 2719-2726.
Direct Link  |  

Stewart, J., A. Clarke and R. Chen, 2007. An experimental study of the dual-fuel performance of a small compression ignition diesel engine operating with three gaseous fuels. J. Automobile Eng., 221: 943-956.
Direct Link  |  

Stone, R., 1999. Solutions Manual for Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines. Macmillan Education, London, UK., ISBN:978-0-333-79307-7,.

Ugurlu, A., 2008. Application of Phase-Shifting Materials (PCM) in the Solution of the Cold Run Problem in Vehicle LPG Conversion Regulators. Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey,.

Vijayabalan, P. and G. Nagarajan, 2009. Performance, emission and combustion of LPG diesel dual fuel engine using glow plug. Jordan J. Mech. Ind. Engin., 3: 105-110.
Direct Link  |  

Wannatong, K., N. Akarapanyavit, S. Siengsanorh and S. Chanchaona, 2007. Combustion and knock characteristics of natural gas diesel dual fuel engine. SAE. Tech., 1: 1894-1899.

Yamik, H., 2002. Investigation of the Possibility of Using Oil Esters as Alternative Fuel in Diesel Engines. Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey,.

Yap, D., S.M. Peucheret, A. Megaritis, M.L. Wyszynski and H. Xu, 2006. Natural gas HCCI engine operation with exhaust gas fuel reforming. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 31: 587-595.
Direct Link  |