The Social Sciences

Year: 2011
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Page No. 1 - 7

A Comparative Study of Reprimand Strategies: Evidence from Iranian and American Speech Communities

Authors : Mohammad Javad Ahmadian and Abbass Eslami-Rasekh

References

Afghari, A., 2007. A sociopragmatic study of apology speech act realization patterns in Persian. Speech Commun., 49: 177-185.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Allami, H., 2006. A sociopragmatic analysis of griping: The case of Iranian students. Linguistic J., 1: 59-76.
Direct Link  |  

Blum-Kulka, S. and J. House, 1989. Cross-Cultural and Situational Variation in Requesting Behavior. In: Cross-cultural Pragmatics: Requests and Apologies, Blum-Kulka, S., J. House and G. Kasper (Eds.). Ablex Publisher, Norwood, NJ., pp: 123-154.

Blum-Kulka, S., J. House and G. Kasper, 1989. Cross-cultural Pragmatics: Requests and Apologies. 1st Edn., Ablex Publication, Norwood, New Jersey.

Brown, P. and S. Levinson, 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Brown, R. and A. Gilman, 1972. Pronouns of Power and Solidarity. In: Language and Social Context, Gigliogli, P. (Ed.). Penguin, Harmondsworth, pp: 252-282.

Eslami-Rasekh, Z., 1993. A cross-cultural comparison of the requestive speech act realization patterns in Persian and American english. Pragmatics Language Learning Monograph Ser., 4: 85-101.

Eslami-Rasekh, Z., 2004. Face keeping strategies in reaction to complaints: English and Persian. J. Asian Pacific Commun., 14: 181-198.

Frescura, M., 2006. Reacting to a context specific reprimand: A study of an Italian speech community. J. Pragmatics, 38: 2144-2157.
CrossRef  |  

Garcia, C., 1989. Apologizing in English: Politeness strategies used by native and non-native speakers. Multilingua, 8: 3-20.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

García, C., 1993. Making a request and responding to it: A case study of Peruvian Spanish speakers. J. Pragmatics, 19: 127-152.
CrossRef  |  

García, C., 1996. Reprimanding and responding to a reprimand: A case study of Peruvian Spanish speakers. J. Pragmatics, 26: 663-697.
CrossRef  |  

García, C., 2004. Coercion and Cooperation. In: Current Trends in the Pragmatics of Spanish, Márquez, R.R. and M.E. Placencia (Eds.). John Benjamins Publishing, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp: 231-264.

García, C., 2004. Reprendiendo y respondiendo a una reprimenda. Spanish Context, 1: 113-147.

Goffman, E., 1967. Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-face Behavior. 1st Edn., The Penguin Press, Allen Lane, UK.

Haverkate, H., 1988. Toward a typology of politeness strategies. Multilingua, 7: 385-409.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Keshavarz, M.H., Z. Eslami-Rasekh and V. Ghahraman, 2006. Pragmatic Transfer and Iranian EFL Refusals: A Cross-Cultural Perspective of Persian and English. In: Pragmatics and Language Learning V, Bardovi-Harlig, K., J.C. Félix-Brasdefer and A. Omar (Eds.). University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, HI.

Kitao, K., 1990. A study of Japanese and American perceptions of politeness in requests. Doshisha Stud. English, 50: 178-210.
Direct Link  |  

Lakoff, R., 1973. The logic of politeness or minding your p`s and q`s. Papers from the Ninth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics society, Apr. 13-15, Chicago Linguistics society, pp: 292-305.

Lakoff, R., 1974. What you can do with word: Politeness, pragmatics and performatives. Berkley Stud. Syntax Semantics, 1: 1-55.

Lorenzo-Dus, N., 2001. Compliment responses among British and Spanish university students: A contrastive study. J. Pragmatics, 33: 107-127.
CrossRef  |  

Nelson, G.L., J. Carson, M. Al-Batal and W. El-Bakary, 2002. Cross-cultural pragmatics: Strategy use in Egyptian Arabic and American English refusals. Applied Linguistics, 23: 163-189.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Olshtain, E. and L. Weinbach, 1985. Complaints: A study of speech act behavior among native and nonnative speakers of Hebrew. In: The Pragmatic Perspective: Selected Papers from the 1985 International Pragmatics Conference, Verschueren, J. and M. Bertuccelli-Papi (Eds.). John Benjamins Publishing Co., Amsterdam/Philadelphia, pp: 195-208.

Salmani-Nodoushan, M.A., 2006. A comparative sociopragmatic study of ostensible invitation in English and Farsi. Speech Commun., 48: 903-912.
CrossRef  |  

Scollon, R. and S.B.K. Scollon, 1986. Face in interethnic communication. In: Language and Communication, Richards, Richards, J.C. and R.W. Schmidt (Eds.). Longman, New York, pp: 156-190.

Sharifian, F., 2008. Cultural schemas in L1 and L2 compliment responses: A study of Persian-speaking learners of English. J. Politeness Res., 4: 55-80.
Direct Link  |  

Sifianou, M., 1992. Politeness Phenomena in English and Greece: A Cross-Cultusral Perspective. Clarendon Press, Oxford,.

Vanderveken, D., 1990. Meaning and Speech Acts. Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2023 All Rights Reserved