Abstract: Our understanding of crowd movements has rapidly improved over the course of the last decades. This study shows that the empirical research has not kept up with the pace of the simulation studies. Based on a large-scale of literature review, this study proposes a conceptual model describing the movements of individuals within a crowd. The model features the relationships between the macroscopic flow variables and characteristics of the pedestrians their physiologic environment and the surrounding infrastructure in which they reside. Moreover, walking velocity is one of the factors that affect the movement of every pedestrian with the difference of gender, age, culture and their physical abilities. Trajectory sets of basic data were gathered during the observation among independently pedestrian at one of the most regularly used crosswalk by pedestrians in Penang, Malaysia and the data sets have been analyzed. The results show that the data analysis has proven that the walking velocity is different among every human with the difference in terms of physical and psychological factors.
Muhammad Salleh Abustan, Mohd. Firdaus Mohamad Ali, Noorhazlinda A. Rahman, Hitoshi Gotoh, Eiji Harada, Siti Hidayah Abu Talib and Syarifah Intan Najla Syed Hashim, 2017. Analysis of Pedestrian Walking Velocity by using Human Behavior Simulator (HBS). Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 6958-6963.