Abstract: Symmetric, proportional and fairly distribution of human resources can be as effective factors on improving the health indicators of a country and is one of the significant factors considered by the health system planners. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of human resources in hospitals affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences using the Gini index and Lorenz curve in 2015. The present study was an analytical and interventional research. The study population consisted of all hospital beds and all staff working in the job categories employed in hospitals. After collecting the necessary data, the statistical relationship of inequality rate between the variables of human resources and hospital beds and the health indicators was evaluated. In this study, the STATA 13 Software was used to calculate the Gini Index and draw the Lorenz curve. Also, the SPSS 23 Software was employed to evaluate the presence and absence of a statistically significant relationship between the variables. The study findings indicated that the available beds per capita of hospitals affiliated to the university in the affiliated cities is in accordance with the national standard as 1.5 beds per thousand people except in the cities of Dehgolan, Sarvabad and Kamyaran and the ratio is not fitted in other counties. Finally, the Gini coefficient was calculated for the distribution of human resources as follows: Specialist (0.61), general practitioners (0.48), nurses (0.51), midwives (0.40), other health categories (0.45), administrative and financial (0.57), service personnel (0.44) and available beds (052). Although, the distribution of human resources and also hospital beds is not proportional to the population in most cities of Kurdistan Province, however, recruiting and motivating human resources, particularly health care professionals by increasing payment and benefits based on employees performance and provision of particular recreational facilities can be helpful in achieving the objectives of healthcare reform plan as parameters for adjusting the shortages.
Khaled Mohammadi, Kobra Yari Tamogheh, Seifollah Moradi, Bahram Kandaiy, Ayoub Mahmoudi and Sayed Mahyadin Sajadi, 2016. Evaluation of Human Resources Distribution Working in Hospitals Affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences by Using Gini Index and Lorenz Curve in 2015. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 15: 2265-2273.