Abstract: Sixteen Holstein dairy cows with the average live body weight of 652±43 and daily milk yield of 32.9±2.4 kg allocated to 4 treatments in a complete randomized design with 4 replications to evaluate the effect of iodine supplementation on performance of dairy cow and iodine excretions especially in milk. The treatments were: basal diet (without Potassium Iodide) as the control diet, 2, 3 and 4, the basal diet plus 2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg kg-1 diet DM Potassium Iodide, respectively. There were no significant difference between treatments for dry matter intake, milk yield and compositions and the milk production efficiency. Iodine contents in blood, urine, raw and pasteurized milk were significantly (p<0.01) affected by the iodine supplementation. Blood T3 and T4 concentrations were not significantly affected by the treatments. No adverse effect of iodine supplementation on performance and health of dairy cow were detected in this study. It was concluded that iodine supplementation above of NRC recommendation (0.5 mg kg-1 diet DM) led to a desirable level of iodine in the milk ready for human consumption without adverse effects on dairy cows performance and health. This finding could be an excellent recommendation for the area with iodine deficiency mainly for children's.
M.A. Norouzian , R. Valizadeh , F. Azizi , M. Hedayati , A.A. Naserian and F. Eftekhari Shahroodi , 2009. The Effect of Feeding Different Levels of Potassium Iodide on Performance, T3 and T4 Concentrations and Iodine Excretion in Holstein Dairy Cows. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8: 111-114.