Abstract: The purpose of the study is to assess the state of sugar beet production in the Republic of Bashkortostan, to identify factors that influence the effectiveness of its cultivation which determine the suitability and prospects for the development of beet growing. It is established that, the production of sugar beet in the republic is effective, the profitability on average for 2012-2016 was 25.5%. The annual increase in sugar beet yield in the republic over the last decade has been determined, on average by 6.32 centners/ha due to the intensification of the technology of its cultivation. A significant influence on the yield and efficiency of sugar beet production in the republic of hydrothermal conditions of vegetation has been revealed. The analysis of the cost structure which showed the intensification of the technology of sugar beet production in the economy of the republic at the expense of all cost items was carried out. The cost of seeds, fertilizers, fuels and lubricants and the maintenance of fixed assets have approximately the same share in the cost structure (about 13%). The share of costs for plant protection products (16.2-18.3%) is somewhat higher and expenses for crop insurance (0.8%) are insignificant.
Tatiana N. Lubova, Damir R. Islamgulov, Kamil R. Ismagilov, Rafael R. Ismagilov, Azat M. Mukhametshin, Rail R. Alimgafarov, Rafik I. Enikiev, Aygul U. Bakirova, Arthur A. Kamilanov and Olga Yu. Lebedeva, 2018. Economic Efficiency of Sugar Beet Production. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6565-6569.