Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Year: 2019
Volume: 14
Issue: 16
Page No. 5800 - 5806

Pattern, Symbolism and Role of Candle Holder in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Authors : Chaiborpit Ponsri, Burin Plengdeesakul and Tik Seanboon

Abstract: The research of pattern, symbolism and role of candle holder in Lao people’s Democratic Republic was aimed to study, the background of candle holder, pattern and symbolism and role of candle holder in Lao’s people Democratic Republic. The target group was located in Luang Prabang, Vientiane and Champasak by using research tools which consisted of survey, observe and interview to analyze with historical theory, semiology theory, role theory, architectural and composition concept and presented by descriptive analysis. The study of candle holder’s background in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) was found that the history of candle holder was initiated in Lan Xang era which considered as the formation and symbolism of traditional Lao candle holder. In the colonial era, the candle holder was conceptualized from Buddhism and exotic art. In the colonial era, Buddhism was ignored due to French policy, later it was restored together with Buddhist art but after restoration, socialism concept was spread out and caused to conflict with feudal system and led to the clearance of feudal system and Buddhist art. At present, the candle holder was re-created with cultural diversity of Lao society in the present. The pattern and symbolism of candle holder in Lao PDR was indicated that pattern means structure and element with the identity of "Naga". The symbolism was found that it related to Buddhism belief and cosmological ideas and also being communicative tools for historical phenomenon aroused political ideology to Lao people. In the past, candle holder has played a role as tool and was measurement of area in important Buddhism rituals, at present candle holder still was used as the same role. At the past, the role of candle holder in Lao cultural society was found that the candle holder was the reflection of Lao society, Social status, faithfulness of Buddhism, the precious Buddhist art, Political communication tools and representative of the feudal system for current, it was played the role as a reflection of Lao society, social status, faithfulness of Buddhism, encouragement of Buddhist art and monk and precious cultural heritage.

How to cite this article:

Chaiborpit Ponsri, Burin Plengdeesakul and Tik Seanboon, 2019. Pattern, Symbolism and Role of Candle Holder in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 14: 5800-5806.

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