Journal of Food Technology

Year: 2015
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Page No. 1 - 6

Fortification of Rice with Vitamin A, Iron and Iodine: the Efforts of Preventing Micronutrient Deficiencies in Indonesia

Authors : C. Wisnu and S. Yuliani

Abstract: More than 2 billion people in the world today suffer from micronutrient deficiencies caused largely by a dietary eficiency of vitamins and minerals. The public health importance of these deficiencies lies upon their magnitude and their health consequences, especially in pregnant women and young children, as they affect fetal and child growth, cognitive development and resistance to infection. Although, people in all population groups in all regions of the world may be affected, the most widespread and severe problems are usually found amongst resource poor, food insecure and vulnerable households in developing countries. Some efforts that have been done to solve the problem such as micronutrient fortification in rice, because it is the staple food consumed by more than 90% Indonesia’s population. The objectives of this research were determining and evaluating the stability of micronutrient level during rice fortification and cooking. The results showed that micronutrients decreased during rice fortification and cooking. The raw-fortified rice contained 38.52-59.91 mg L–1 of iodine, 0.92-1.79 mg L–1 of vitamin A and 15.64-48.39 mg L–1 of irondepending on the concentration of the coating material used.After cooking, the fortified rice contained 3.00- 3.93 mg L–1 of iodine, 0.43-1.0 mg L–1 of Vitamin A and 12.92-19.66 mg L–1 of iron. The levels of micronutrients, although experienced significant losses, still meet the dailiy needs according to the Regulation of the Minister of Health Republic of Indonesia and WHO.

How to cite this article:

C. Wisnu and S. Yuliani, 2015. Fortification of Rice with Vitamin A, Iron and Iodine: the Efforts of Preventing Micronutrient Deficiencies in Indonesia. Journal of Food Technology, 13: 1-6.

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