The Social Sciences

Year: 2011
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Page No. 51 - 63

Transportation and its Concerns in Africa: A Review

Authors : Massuod Ali Ahmed Abuhamoud, Riza Atiq O.K. Rahmat and Amiruddin Ismail

References

African Development Bank, 2010. Project portfolio African Development Bank 2010. http://www.afdb.org/en/projects-operations/project-portfolio/.

Ahsan, H.M. and M.M. Hoque, 2002. Traffic safety in Dhaka city: Key issues and countermeasures. J. Civil. Eng., CE 30: 13-24.

Arndt, C., R. Benfica, N. Maximiano, A. Nucifora and J.T. Thurlow, 2008. Higher fuel and food prices: Impacts and responses for Mozambique. Agric. Econ., 39: 497-511.
Direct Link  |  

Assamoi, E.M. and C. Liousse, 2010. A new inventory for two-wheel vehicle emissions in West Africa for 2002. Atmos. Environ., 44: 3985-3996.
CrossRef  |  

Atkins, R.M., W.H. Turner, R.B. Duthie and B.R. Wilde, 1988. Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents. Br. Med. J., 297: 1431-1434.
Direct Link  |  

Bah, A. and H. Goodwin, 2003. Improving access for the informal sector to tourism in The Gambia. Pro-Poor Tourism Working Paper, 15, pp: 1-40. http://www.eldis.org/assets/Docs/12355.html

Beirao, G. and J.A.S. Cabral, 2007. Understanding attitudes towards public transport and private car: A qualitative study. Transport Policy, 14: 478-489.
CrossRef  |  

Boko, G.M.J., 2003. Air pollution and respiratory diseases in African big cities: The case of Cotonou in Benin. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environment and Health, Dec. 15-17, Chennai, India, pp: 32-43.

Bourgeois, F. and F. Piozin, 1986. The redheads of niamey: An original way of providing urban transport. Transport Rev., 6: 331-346.
CrossRef  |  

Briggs, J. and I.E.A. Yeboah, 2001. Structural adjustment and the contemporary sub Saharan African city. Area, 33: 18-26.
CrossRef  |  

Broadman, H.G., 2007. Africa's Silk Road: China and India's New Economic Frontier. 1st Edn., The World Bank Publishing, USA., pp: 391.

Bryceson, D.F., A. Bradbury and T. Bradbury, 2008. Roads to poverty reduction: Exploring rural roads impact on mobility in Africa and Asia. Dev. Policy Rev., 26: 459-482.
CrossRef  |  

Buys, P., U. Deichmann, and D. Wheeler., 2010. Road network upgrading and overland trade expansion in sub-Saharan Africa-super-†. J. Afr. Econ., 19: 399-432.
Direct Link  |  

Cameron, M.H., A.P. Vulcan, C.F. Finch and S.V. Newstead, 1994. Mandatory bicycle helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia-an evaluation. Accident Anal. Prevent., 26: 325-337.
CrossRef  |  

Campbell, T. and A. Campbell, 2007. Emerging disease burdens and the poor in cities of the developing world. J. Urban Health, 84: 54-64.
CrossRef  |  

Chen, G., 2010. Road traffic safety in African countries-status, trend, contributing factors, countermeasures and challenges. Int. J. Injury Control Safety Promot, 4: 1-9.
CrossRef  |  

Cherif, M., 2004. Economic impact of the privatisation programme in Rwanda: 1996-2003. http://zunia.org/uploads/media/knowledge/RwandaPrivImpact_v1.0R_MCherif_Nov03.doc.

Cherry, C. and R. Cervero, 2007. Use characteristics and mode choice behavior of electric bike users in China. Transport Policy, 14: 247-257.
CrossRef  |  

Clarke, D.D., P. Ward, C. Bartle and W. Truman, 2010. Killer crashes: Fatal road traffic accidents in the UK. Accident Anal. Prev., 42: 764-770.
CrossRef  |  

Cradock, A.L., P.J. Troped, B. Fields, S.J. Melly, S.V. Simms, F. Gimmler and M. Fowler, 2009. Factors associated with federal transportation funding for local pedestrian and bicycle programming and facilities. J. Public Health Policy., 30: S38-S72.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Delgado, C.L. and J.W. Mellor, 1984. A structural view of policy issues in African agricultural development. Am. J. Agric. Econ., 66: 665-670.
Direct Link  |  

Department of Economics and Statistics and United Nation, 2007. World Urbanization Prospects The 2007 Revision. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wup2007/2007WUP_ExecSum_web.pdf.

Dugard, J., 2001. From low intensity war to Mafia war: Taxi violence in South Africa (1987-2000). Violence Transition Ser., 4: 1-46.
Direct Link  |  

Ekere, A.U., B.E. Yellowe and S. Umune, 2005. Mortality patterns in the accident and emergency department of an urban hospital in Nigeria. Niger J. Clin. Pract., 8: 14-18.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Enoch, M.P., 2003. Transport practice and policy in Mauritius. J. Transport Geography, 11: 297-306.
CrossRef  |  

Essama-Nssah, B., D.S. Go, M. Kearney, V. Korman, S. Robinson and K. Thierfelder, 2007. Economy-wide and distributional impacts of an oil price shock on the South African economy. Policy Research Working Paper No. 4354. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1015667&rec=1&srcabs=160788.

Fage, J.D., 1969. Slavery and the slave trade in the context of West African history. J. Afr. History, 10: 393-404.
Direct Link  |  

Forsyth, A. and M. Southworth, 2008. Cities afoot-pedestrians, walkability and urban design. J. Urban Des., 13: 1-3.
CrossRef  |  

Freeman, P.N., 2009. Ten years of World Bank action in transport: Evaluation. J. Infrastruct. Syst., 15: 297-304.
CrossRef  |  

Gacitua-Mario, E., H. Nordang and Q. Wodon, 2007. Livelihoods in Guinea-Bissau. World Bank Working Paper, pp: 59-75. http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11180/1/GB_Conflict5.pdf.

Garber, D.S., 2004. Oil, Dutch disease and development: The case of Chad. A Summary of Work Conducted in Chad, University of Wisconsin-Madison. July/August 2004. http://global.wisc.edu/skj/fellows/reports/2004-travel-garber.pdf.

George, K., 1958. The civilized west looks at primitive Africa: 1400-1800 a study in ethnocentrism. Isis., 49: 62-72.
PubMed  |  

Godard, X., 2005. Dakar, senegal experience in bus reform. The World Bank Group and PPIAF. http://www.ppiaf.org/ppiaf/sites/ppiaf.org/files/documents/toolkits/UrbanBusToolkit/assets/CaseStudies/full_case/Dakar.doc.

Gossling, S., C.B. Hansson, O. Horstmeier and S. Saggel, 2002. Ecological footprint analysis as a tool to assess tourism sustainability. Ecol. Econ., 43: 199-211.
CrossRef  |  

Govender, P., 1999. Johannesburgs strategic plan for municipal service partnerships. Dev. Southern Afr., 16: 649-667.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Guitink, P., S. Holste and J. Lebo, 1994. Non-motorized transport: Confronting poverty through affordable mobility. Transportation, Water And Urban Development Department, The World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/T-UT-4.pdf.

Gwilliam, K., 2008. Bus transport: Is there a regulatory cycle. Transport. Res. Part A: Policy Pract., 42: 1183-1194.
CrossRef  |  

Hailey, W.M., 1938. An African survey. Oxford University Press, London.

Hansen, M. and Y. Huang, 1997. Road supply and traffic in California urban areas. Transport. Res. Part A: Policy Practice, 31: 205-218.
CrossRef  |  

Heggie, I.G., 1995. Commercializing Africa's roads: Transforming the role of the public sector. Transport Rev., 15: 167-184.
CrossRef  |  

Herbst, J., 2000. States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ USA., pp: 208.

Heyen-Perschon, J. and I. Europe, 2004. Making the African cities mobile: Non-motorized transport solutions in African cities the case of Jinja/Uganda. Trialog., 82: 21-21.
Direct Link  |  

Howe, J. and A. Davis, 2002. Boda Boda-Ugandas rural and urban low-capacity transport services. Urban Mobility for All, pp: 1-27. http://www.transport-links.org/transport_links/filearea/documentstore/134_Boda%20Boda%20WP.doc.

Howe, J. and D. Bryceson, 2000. Poverty and urban transport in East Africa: Review of research and Dutch Donor experience. Report prepared for the World Bank, Delft International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulicand Environmental Engineering. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/poverty&ut_eafrica.pdf.

Institute of Transportation and Development Policy, 2010. Access Africa (ITDP). http://www.aidforafrica.org/member-charities/access-africa-itdp/.

Jauch, H. and I. Sakaria, 2009. Chinese Investments in Namibia: A labour Perspective. Labour Resource and Research Institute (LaRRI), Namibia, pp: 54.

Jeon, C.M., A.A. Amekudzi and J. Vanegas, 2006. Transportation system sustainability issues in high-middle-and low-income economies: Case studies from Georgia (US), South Korea, Colombia and Ghana. J. Urban Plann. Dev., 132: 172-186.
CrossRef  |  

Khosa, M.M., 1995. Transport and popular struggles in South Africa. Antipode, 27: 167-188.
CrossRef  |  

Koenig, D., 2009. The challenges of urban growth in West Africa: The case of Dakar, Senegal. Working Paper No. 8. http://www.mu.ac.in/arts/social_science/african_studies/doloreswp8.pdf.

Konings, P., 2006. Solving transportation problems in African cities: Innovative responses by the youth in Douala, Cameroon. Afr. Today, 53: 35-50.
Direct Link  |  

Kumar, A. and F. Barrett, 2008. Stuck in traffic: Urban transport in Africa. AICD, Background Paper, World Bank, Washington, DC. http://www.regulationbodyofknowledge.org/documents/198.pdf.

Langley, J.D., D.J. Begg and A.I. Reeder, 1994. Motorcycle crashes resulting in death and hospitalisation. II: Traffic crashes. Accident Anal. Prevent., 26: 165-171.
CrossRef  |  

Macharia, W.M., E.K. Njeru, F. Muli-Musiime and V. Nantulya, 2009. Severe road traffic injuries in Kenya, quality of care and access. Afr. Health Sci., 9: 118-124.
Direct Link  |  

Manson, K. and J. Knight, 2006. Burkina Faso: The Bradt Travel Guide. 1st Edn., Bradt Travel Guides, Zanzibar, Tanzania, pp: 312.

McDonald, R.I., R.T.T. Forman, P. Kareiva, R. Neugarten, D. Salzer and J. Fisher, 2009. Urban effects, distance and protected areas in an urbanizing world. Landscape Urban Plann., 93: 63-75.
CrossRef  |  

McGrath, B., 1990. Land use and transportation in a small African city: The example of greater Banjul. Third World Plann. Rev., 12: 41-41.
Direct Link  |  

McKenna, F.P., 1982. The human factor in driving accidents an overview of approaches and problems. Ergonomics, 25: 867-877.
CrossRef  |  

Mock, C.N., E. Adzotor, D. Denno, E. Conklin and F. Rivara, 1995. Admissions for injury at a rural hospital in Ghana: Implications for prevention in the developing world. Am. J. Public Health, 85: 927-931.
Direct Link  |  

Mock, C.N., S.N. Forjuoh and F.P. Rivara, 1999. Epidemiology of transport-related injuries in Ghana. Accident Anal. Prevent., 31: 359-370.
CrossRef  |  

Muhammad, P.M., 2003. Trans-atlantic slave trade: A forgotten crime against humanity as defined by international law. Am. U. Intl'L. Rev., 19: 883-883.
Direct Link  |  

Mupimpila, C., 2008. Internalising the externalities of public transport in Botswana. Botswana J. Econ., 5: 46-46.
Direct Link  |  

Murray, C.J.L. and A.D. Lopez, 1997. Global mortality, disability and the contribution of risk factors: Global burden of disease study. Lancet, 349: 1436-1442.
CrossRef  |  

Naddumba, E.K., 2008. Musculoskeletal trauma services in Uganda. Clin. Orthopaedics Related Res., 466: 2317-2322.
CrossRef  |  

Nakitto, M.T., M. Mutto, A. Howard and R. Lett, 2008. Pedestrian traffic injuries among school children in Kawempe, Uganda. Afr. Health Sci., 8: 156-159.
Direct Link  |  

Nantulya, V.M. and M.R. Reich, 2002. The neglected epidemic: Road traffic injuries in developing countries. Br. Med. J., 324: 1139-1139.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Njoh, A.J., 2008. Implications of Africas transportation systems for development in the era of globalization. Rev. Black Political Econ., 35: 147-162.
CrossRef  |  

Oginni, F.O., 2008. Causes of road traffic accidents in developing countries. Traffic Accidents: Causes and Outcomes, pp: 225.

Oketch, T.G., 2000. New modeling approach for mixed-traffic streams with nonmotorized vehicles. Transport. Res. Record: J. Transport. Res. Board, 1705: 61-69.
Direct Link  |  

Owusu-Ansah, J.K. and K. O’Connor, 2006. Transportation and physical development around Kumasi, Ghana. World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol.

Peden, M., R. Scurfield, D. Sleet, D. Mohan, A.A. Hyder, E. Jarawan and C. Mathers, 2004. World report on road traffic injury prevention. World Health Organization Geneva. http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/world_report/summary_en_rev.pdf.

Pedersen, P.O., 2001. Freight transport under globalisation and its impact on Africa. J. Transport Geography, 9: 85-99.
CrossRef  |  

Persson, U. and K. Odegaard, 1995. External cost estimates of road traffic accidents: An international comparison. Transport Econ. Policy, 29: 291-304.
Direct Link  |  

Petridou, E. and M. Moustaki, 2000. Human factors in the causation of road traffic crashes. Eur. J. Epidemiol., 16: 819-826.
CrossRef  |  

Pinard, M.I., B. Obika and K.J. Motswagole, 1999. Developments in innovative low-volume road technology in Botswana. Transport. Res. Record: J. Transport. Res. Board, 1652: 68-75.
Direct Link  |  

Population Divison, 2010. Urban and rural areas 2007. Population Divison, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations 2007. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wup2007/2007_urban_rural_chart.pdf.

Porter, G., 2002. Living in a walking world: Rural mobility and social equity issues in sub-Saharan Africa. World Dev., 30: 285-300.
CrossRef  |  

Preston, B., 1981. Road safety: International comparisons. Transport Rev.,1 1: 75-100.
CrossRef  |  

Rahman, M.M., D.E. Glen, and J. Bunker, 2008. Problems and prospects of non-motorized public transport integration in developing cities. Proceedings of the 30th Conference of the Australian Institutes of Transport Research, Dec. 10-12, Perth, Western Australia, http://eprints.qut.edu.au/17053/.

Rahman, M.M., G. D'Este and J.M. Bunker, 2009. Is there a future for non-motorized public transport in Asia? Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies (EASTS), Nov. 16-19, Surabaya, Indonesia, http://eprints.qut.edu.au/27196/.

Sagalyn, L.B., 2007. Public/private development. J. Am. Plann. Assoc., 73: 7-22.

Scheidegger, U., 2009. Mobility and the Promotion of Public Transport in Johannesburg. Mobilities and Inequality, pp: 207.

Shankar, V., F. Mannering and W. Barfield, 1995. Effect of roadway geometrics and environmental factors on rural freeway accident frequencies. Accident Anal. Prevent., 27: 371-389.
CrossRef  |  

Sohail, M., D.A.C. Maunder and S. Cavill, 2006. Effective regulation for sustainable public transport in developing countries. Transport Policy, 13: 177-190.
CrossRef  |  

Starkey, P., 2007. A methodology for rapid assessment of rural transport services. Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program Working Paper 87A, World Bank, Washington, DC. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTAFRSUBSAHTRA/Resources/SSATPWP87-A.pdf.

Stinchcombe, A. and S. Gagnon, 2010. Driving in dangerous territory: Complexity and road-characteristics influence attentional demand. Transport. Res. Part F: Traffic Psychol. Behav., 13: 388-396.
CrossRef  |  

Theron, J., 2009. Informalization from above, Informalization from below: The options for organization? http://blogs.uct.ac.za/gallery/679/Informalisation%20from%20above,%20informalisation%20from%20below_jt_4_03_2008.pdf.

Thomas, R.G., 1973. Forced labour in British West Africa: The case of the Northern territories of the gold coast 1906-1927. J. Afr. History, 14: 79-103.
CrossRef  |  

Trans-Africa, 2008. Promoting public transport in Africa. State-of-The-Art of Public Transport in Sub Saharan Africa. http://www.uitp.org/knowledge/pics/2009/STATE-OF-THE-ART-OF-PUBLIC-TRANSPORT.PDF.

UNECA, 2010. Challenges to agricultural development in Africa. UN Economic Commission for Africa 2009. http://www.uneca.org/era2009/.

Van Schoor, O., J.L. van Niekerk and B. Grobbelaar, 2001. Mechanical failures as a contributing cause to motor vehicle accidents-South Africa. Accident Anal. Prevent., 33: 713-721.
CrossRef  |  

WHO, 2004. Causes of death. http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/statistics/bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls.

Wamwara-Mbugua, L.W. and T.B. Cornwell, 2008. The impact of tourism on the consumption environment: Coping and potential praxis in Malindi, Kenya. Afr. J. Bus. Manage., 2: 99-110.
Direct Link  |  

Wang, C., M.A. Quddus and S. Ison, 2009. Impact of traffic congestion on road accident: A spatial analysis of the M25 motorway in England. Accident Anal. Prevent., 41: 798-808.
CrossRef  |  

Woodcock, J., D. Banister, P. Edwards, A.M. Prentice and I. Roberts, 2007. Energy and transport. Lancet, 370: 1078-1088.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

World Bank, 2010. Africa Development Indicators 2010. The World bank, USA., pp: 184.

World Bank, 2010. Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.VEH.NVEH.P3.

World Bank, 2010. Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.VEH.PCAR.P3.

World Bank, 2010. Roads, paved (% of total roads). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.ROD.PAVE.ZS/countries.

World Bank, 2010. Urban Population (% of total). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS.

World Bank, 2010. Vehicles (per km of road). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.VEH.ROAD.K1.

Zahran, S., S.D. Brody, P. Maghelal, A. Prelog and M. Lacy, 2008. Cycling and walking: Explaining the spatial distribution of healthy modes of transportation in the United States. Transport. Res. Part D: Transport Environ., 13: 462-470.
CrossRef  |  

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2023 All Rights Reserved